Festivals In Jharkhand
Jharkhand is unique in its celebration of fairs and festivals due to its rich tribal culture. Many religious festivals and festivals are celebrated throughout Jharkhand, Barura Sharif, Belagada Mela Simaria, Bhadli Mela Itkhori, Chatra Mela, Kolhaiya Mela Chatera, Kolhua Mela Pratappur, Kundi Mela Chatera, Lolang Mela, Rabada Sharif, Sangit and Tutlava Mela. Fair & Festivals Important festivals of Hindus celebrated in Jharkhand are Holi, Duli, Dusshera, and Ramnavmi. Other festivals such as Basant Panchami, Chhath, Jaita Bhaiya Duj, etc. are also celebrated in the state. The special festivals of tribes in Jharkhand are Karma, Manda, Sarhul, Jani Huni etc.
Fairs in Jharkhand:
Most of the fairs are colorful cattle fairs. Some of the known fairs include :
- Kunda mela in Pratappur
- Chatra mela organised during Durga puja
- Lawalong mela which is the biggest cattle fair
- Tutilawa mela in Simaria
- Belgada mela in Simaria
- Kundri mela in Chatra
- Kolhua mela in Hunterganj
- Bhadli Mela in Itkhori celebrated on Makar Sankranti
Kund Mela in Pratappur: This fair is held at Phalgun Shivratri and it is marked by a large sale of cattle.
Kolhua Mela in Hunting Gang: This Magh is an ancient fair to be held twice a year during Basant Panchami and Chait Ramnavmi. A beautiful lake on the top of the hill and the ancient temple of Goddess Kali. Its origin is not known. This is only a religious fair.
Chatra Fair: This fair was started from 1882 and is mainly an animal fair organized during Durga Puja.
Kundari fair in Chatra: The potential year of its origin is 1930 and it is organized on Kartik Purnima and is mainly an animal fair.
Coleya Fair in Chata: Possible year of origin is 1925. This Magh is organized on Basant Panchami and is mainly an animal fair.
Tutivitaoha fair in Simaria: Potential year of origin is 1935 and is primarily an animal fair held on Falgun Purnima.
Kanagola Fair: The probable year of its origin is 1880. It is organized at the time of Agnha Purnima.
Belgauda Fair in Simaria: The possible year of its origin is 1920 and it is mainly a cattle fair held in Baisakh Poornima.
Bhadali fair in Itkhori: There is an ancient temple of Goddess Kali and Lord Shiva. The origin of the fair is not known. It is a religious event only on Makar Sankranti.
Sangro Mela in Chatra: This saawan is organized in full moon. The origins of this fair are not known.
Barura Sharif: Barpura Sharif is a temple on Pratappur on the banks of the River Saturn. It is said that Sufi saints came here in late 18th century. Hindus and Muslims alike come here, respect their sacred saint in the market. People suffering from bad spirits come here in large numbers and fix themselves.
Rabda Sharif: In Rabda Sharif of Pratappur, Data Faham is a market (pilgrimage) of Khayal Shah, which was contemporary of Baruah Sharif’s donor Amir Ali Shah. Here the annual festival of saints is celebrated with pomp.
Cemetery of Jatarai Bagh: There is a cemetery in Jatribagh. It is said that the Muslim soldiers of the revolt of 1857 were buried here. It is also known as Anjan Shahid. During the British period, the annual fair was held, so it is called Jatribaghagh.
Consistent: There is a confluence of sadness of Sikhism in Chatra’s Ghudri Bazar Mohalla, where there is an old script of holy guru sahib. It is reputed at this place and is also kept in high esteem by Sikhs and Hindus. Thus, Chata is a symbol of communal harmony where Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs live in peace and harmony.
Festival in Jharkhand
Sarhul is a festival in which shawl trees and leaves play important roles. Sarhul is celebrated during the spring season. Shawl flowers are brought to the temple and the city of the Gods. The priest is said to be in charge and he shares the flowers of the shawl to every village. Shawl flowers represent brotherhood and friendship among the villagers. It is believed that after this festival, the earth becomes fertile.
The largest community in Jharkhand, Santhal celebrates the same festival as a festival of flowers and it is called Baha. In addition to rituals, flowers of Mahua are also used as rituals for important items. Celebrate Santhal Soharai with splendor
Dansi coincides with Durga Puja, while Sohrai is celebrated immediately after Diwali or Kali worship. Dancing is a dance festival, although there is not a wide ritual ceremony. A small ritual was performed before the dance started in the arena.
Soharai is known for caring for domestic animals such as cows and buffaloes. Since these animals are important in an agricultural society, their proper care and welfare are important rituals of sleeping, it is celebrated on the new moon day immediately after Diwali. Soil lamps are burnt in the evening. The next day, cattle are washed, vermicelli is mixed with oil and they are worn garland. The festival includes games such as bullfights.
Karma is another festival in Jharkhand, which is deeply related to nature. Karam Deity, the God of power, is the youngest and youngest person who has worshiped during the festival. This festival is organized on the 11th day of the Moon Stages in the Bhadra month. Young girls celebrate this festival for the welfare of their brothers. The main reason behind this ritual is known as java. Unmarried Girls, It is believed that good germination of grains will increase fertility. Girls provide green watermelon in the form of a symbol of ‘Son’ to the goddess Karam, which reveals the primitive expectation of human, i.e., grains and children. On the day of the festival, the brothers bring the branches of Karam tree which are kept in the courtyard. The symbols of the deity are performed by the sisters worshiping these branches. They are kept in a local pond or river. During this entire period, people sang and danced in groups. The whole valley looks like a drunk. This is a rare example of such an important and vibrant youth festival in the tribal region of Jharkhand. Jharkhand’s entire tribal belt becomes very frequent during this time.
Tusu Parab or Capricorn: Among the festival, Jharkhand is most commonly seen in Bundu, Tamar and Raidih region. TUSU is a harvest festival held during the winter of Poush month. This is unmarried girls. Girls decorate the wood/bamboo frames with colorful paper and then shed them in the nearby hill river.
Recent Reconstruction: Recently rehearsing is a festival that starts with the fall of winter. On the first day of Magh month, which is known as “Akhya Jatra” or “Hala Pyaayya”, is considered to be the beginning of plowing. The farmer is a symbol of this auspicious morning, solving two and half of his agricultural land.
Bhagat Parab: This festival is Spring and Summer. In the tribal people of Jharkhand, this festival is known as Buddha Baba. People fast during the day and take the bathing festival to a tribal temple named Parni, Sarna Temple. The wahah is sometimes said to be called Laya, which comes out of the pond, the devotee makes a chain, closes his thighs with each other and comes forward to offer his naked chest to bring it to move forward. After worshiping in the evening, devotees participate in dynamic and vigorous chow dance with many gymnastics and masks. The next day is filled with primitive games of bravery. Devotees pierce the skin and are tied on one end of a long horizontal wooden pillar, which hangs over a vertical shell wood pillar. Height goes up to 40 feet. The other end of the pole which is connected to the rope is kept by the people and devotees around the pole. This festival is more popular in the Tamar region of Jharkhand.
Rohin: This festival is probably the first festival of Jharkhand in the calendar year. This is the festival of sowing seeds in the field. Farmers start seeds from this day but there is no dance or a song like other tribal festivals. There are some other festivals like Rajwala Ambawati and Chitgoma which are celebrated with Rhein.
Bandana: The dark moon of Kartik (Karthik Aya) is one of the most famous festivals celebrated during the month.